The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is located in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula, bordering Oman and Saudi Arabia. In December 1971, the UAE became a federation of six emirates - Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ayman, Umm Al-Kuwain and Fujairah, while the seventh emirate, Ras Al Khaimah, joined the federation in 1972. The capital is Abu Dhabi, located in the largest and richest of the seven emirates. The UAE is known for its two largest cities, Dubai and Abu Dhabi, which attract millions of tourists every year. Dubai, a regional business center known for its elegant skyscrapers, is home to the tallest building in the world - the Burj Khalifa.There are no rivers and lakes in the UAE, which is why the vegetation is very scarce. Due to the large amount of money that the Emirates have, they have managed to turn their capitals into real oases where you will forget that you are in the desert. There is a lot of greenery in the cities, such as numerous parks and gardens, which primarily surround the large skyscrapers for which the cities of the Emirates are known in the world.
The city of Abu Dhabi is located on an island in the Persian Gulf, off the Central West Coast. Most of the city resides on the mainland connected to the rest of the country. By the latest consensus from 2020, the urban area of Abu Dhabi has an estimated population of 1.48 million citizens. Abu Dhabi used to be an underdeveloped city with local importance only, however, the Emirates’ oil revenue made it possible to evolve into a modern city with contemporary architecture and numerous skyscrapers that the city is known for today. By the beginning of the 90s, the city became the capital of the United Arab Emirates, and ever since, there has been a sequence of programs for promoting the city as a tourist and trade center. Development plans in Abu Dhabi have quickly led to the construction of famous hotels, the foundation of the flag carrier Etihad Airways, and today this is one of the most significant symbols of the city, and of the development of other commercial and residential units.