Egypt is one of the oldest civilizations of our world. It is the land of Pharaohs, who constructed the pyramids and the Valley of the Kings, monuments that visitors admire even to this very day. Egyptian history goes back as early as 6.000 years ago and incredible monuments that were constructed in the past nowadays represent cultural heritage and tourist attractions that every person should see at least once in their lifetime. The most interesting and most popular attractions are the Pyramids, the only miracle left from the ancient world, Sphinx, the guardian of the Pyramids, the Valley of the Kings in Luxor, the tomb of King Tutankhamun and many others.
Cairo, in Arabic Al-Qahirah, means Mars (the planet Mars) because the planet Mars rose upwards into the sky the day the city was founded. Founded in the age of the Pharaohs under the name of Heliopolis, Cairo has been the centreground of different cultures and religions over the centuries and is one of the oldest cities in the world. Cultural heritage is truly remarkable in this city and its visitors may enjoy in monuments that are over 5.000 years old. Starting from fascinating pyramids of Giza, the Egyptian museum where visitors shall see the Pharaoh Tutankhamun’s treasures brought from his burial chamber, Mosque of Muhammad Ali made of alabaster stone, Coptic district and stunningly beautiful church of Saint Virgin Mary also called the “Hanging church”, the bazaar of Khan El Khalili.
Luxor is situated on the east bank of the Nile, rising on the grounds of ancient Thebes, the capital of the Pharaohs. Today, the city has 506,588 inhabitants and is considered a real open-air museum. In fact, Luxor “owns” some wonders of Egypt, including the Colossi of Memnon, the funerary complex of Pharaoh Amenhotep, majestic temples, statues, buildings, pyramids and the two valleys of kings and queens. Dozens of tombs were found here, including the one of Pharaoh Ramses, in which hieroglyphics have been magnificently preserved for millennia.