There are a lot of myths and legends surrounding the Canary Islands, with some even claiming that the islands are actually the lost nation of Atlantis. It is believed that the islands were first inhabited around 500 BC, but there are several theories about the origin of its early settlers. One of the widely accepted theories is that the natives of the Canary Islands, widely known as the Guanches, had originally come from the north of Africa, and that they are descendants of the Berbers. The Guanchos lived in mostly caves in large communities, which we can see from the primitive tools found in caves around the island. It is also believed that the Guanchos used stone to build small shelters, which they would cover with a roof made out of branches and leaves.
The Romans called the Canary Islands paradise islands and islands of happiness due to the beauty of the landscape. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the Europeans forgot about the Canary Islands for nearly 1000 years, until the discovery of the islands by Mediterranean sailors at the onset of the XIV century. Over 30 thousand Guanchos on the islands had lived in relative peace, which changed drastically in the XIV century, when the Spanish sent ships to the island to gather slaves and fur. The beginning of the XV century saw the rapid process of the conquering of the islands and the peril of the natives in the hands of the Spanish.
In Gran Canaria, the Guanchos fiercely resisted the Spanish invasion, but in 1483 Pedro de Vera, leading the Spanish forces, finished off the conquering started by Juan Rejón five years earlier. Many of the Guanchos died, either being murdered or having committed suicide, instead of surrendering to the Spanish. The ones who survived, however, were taken in as slaves and were forced to convert to Christianity, but they would soon start dying out. This genocide over the Guanchos was covered up for a long time by the Spanish Kingdom.
Gran Canaria, along with all of the island of the Canary Islands Archipelago, still belongs to the Kingdom of Spain today. The language spoken on the island, as expected, is Spanish, and the indigenous people that once inhabited it no longer exist.
Tenerife is a magnificent island of volcanic origin that belongs to the Canary Islands. Often called the island of eternal spring, Tenerife is an ideal place for a year-round vacation. From the amazing volcanic beaches characterized by black sand, popular beaches such as Las Americas, to the endless Mount Teide with the highest peak in Spain - 3718 meters. It is easy to fall in love with this island.
Gran Canaria is surely one of the last remaining European Paradise islands, situated in the Atlantic Ocean, some 200km away from the coast of Africa. It is the third largest of the Canary Islands, neighbored by Fuerteventura and Tenerife. The capital, Las Palmas, is situated in the northeast of the island. Gran Canaria is the island of contrasts, bursting with culture, an unbelievably beautiful coast and spectacular sunny beaches, the perfect destination all year round. From its cold climate in the north, to the sunny south, this perfect holiday island has everything even the most demanding traveler would wish for: a great specter of climates, lush forests, exotic flora and fauna, volcanic craters, as well as a strange sediment of snow at the highest peaks.
With its population of 3,2 million people, Madrid is considered to be one of the largest cities in Europe, and the third largest city in the European Union. The city is located at a height of 665m above sea level, which makes it the highest city in Europe. Madrid is situated on the shores of the small Manzanares river, while the Siera de Guadarrama mountain range spreads northwest of the city. The area’s distinctive continental climate means that Madrid’s winters are short, cold and usually dry, while the summers are very warm. Everyone has surely wanted to visit the capital of Spain once, and out written guide will make tour wish even greater. Madrid is a modern town with an old soul. It boasts over 2000 monuments and 90 museums that tell about the history and art of the city. You will be introduced to the people and artistic scenes that made Madrid what it is today.