In Ravenna there is the tomb of Dante Alighieri, a famous Italian writer, whose Devine Comedy is considered to be the most important Medieval European literature work. This work also laid foundations for the creation of the modern Italian language.
Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) was an Italian poet, writer and politician. Even though Dante wrote numerous literature works that were well-accepted, nothing was to compare to his last work - The Devine Comedy which brought him fame and in a way - immortality. In his Comedy, Dante depicted the time in which he lived with its political and social tendencies. In one part of his work, he imagined hell as a cone around which sinners are located in different layers according to the gravity of their sins. He spared neither the Catholic Church nor its representatives, whom he placed in more advanced layers. Believing that the church representatives are corrupt and that during their lives they only seek for gold, Dante depicted them turned upside-down with their heads in the ground, from which the gold comes from.
Sadly, Dante did not live to see the popularity of his work, because he finished the work in 1321, the same year when he died.
Dante was born and raised in Florence, where he occupied several important political offices. At this time, Italy was divided into numerous “city states” with their own noblemen and political systems. Florence’s independence and their different way of thinking was always a thorn in the eye for many Popes. Consequently, after the coup organized by the Pope, a more radical fraction came to power in the city which condemned Dante to exile. In case Dante reappeared in Florence he was to face burning on the stake.
After the exile, Date lived in many Italian cities and finally settled in Ravenna where he died a few years later.