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The church of the Savior of the Spilled Blood, also known as the Church of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ is one of the most beautiful Orthodox Christian temples in the world. Built in 1883 in the very place where the Tsar Alexander II was deadly wounded by the members of the revolutionary movement the People’s Will. In 1861, Alexander II liberated the country folk of their serfdom, he carried out various reforms in the Russian system and his ultimate plan was to introduce the first constitution in the Empire.
When in Saint Petersburg visitors absolutely must visit Peterhof. Peterhof is a succession of palaces, incredible fountain complex and numerous picture perfect parks. Peterhof Palace was imagined as the royal palace of Peter the Great. It was built in 1711. Peter the Great wanted to celebrate a crucial victory in the great northern war against the Swedish troops and he dedicated Peterhof to the victory over Karl XII (the Swedish king). Peter’s inspiration came from the Palace of Versailles, as he had visited France in 1716 and he was impressed with the palace’s architecture and rich decorations.
Cathedral of Saint Isaac is an outstanding monument built by Emperor Alexander I. The construction began in 1818 and it was completed in 1858 by Emperor Nicolay I. The cathedral was designed by an architect Auguste Montferrand (French architect) who died only several weeks after the last works on the cathedral were finished. Then as much as it is today Cathedral of Saint Isaac represents the most impressive landmark of Saint Petersburg, and one of the most important Orthodox religious sights. Even though this cathedral is comparatively smaller than the Church of Christ Savior in Moscow, its interior decorations are far more impressive.
The Petropavlovsk fortress is located on the isolated island called the Rabbit Island which is the oldest monument in St. Petersburg. The fortress is the first building ever built in this city. The first stone of the future fort was laid on May 27th 1970 and this date is regarded as an anniversary date of Saint Petersburg. The fortress is of a pentagonal shape spanning the entire island. The purpose of the fortress was to defend the city from the Swedish invasion. The court architect Domenico Trezzini was in charge of supervising the completion of the fortress. The fortress consisted of six bastions that were interconnected.
The Orthodox Church of St. Peter and Paul is located on the Rabbit Island as an integrated part of the Petropavlovsk fortress. Together with the fortress, the church represents the oldest sight of the city of St. Petersburg. It was named after the saints, Peter and Paul, the patron saints of the fort (St. Peter is the saint and patron of Saint Petersburg).