History of Stockholm

History of Stockholm



The city of Stockholm is first mentioned in 1252. According to some sources, the ruler at the time, Birger Jarl, built the city in order to protect Sweden from invaders, and it was only in 1343 that Stokholm became the capital of Sweden, taking its time to become the most important cultural center as well. The name of the city was derived from combining three words: holm, meaning island, and stak, meaning bay, as well as stock, meaning tree trunk. Large tree trunks, which were used for protective purposes, were found where the Baltic Sea meets the Lake Mälaren.

Sweden is a country that hasn’t waged war for the last 200 years, so its history is much more peaceful when compared to other European countries. As Sweden and Stokholm haven’t been waging wars for quite some time, a more peaceful, relaxed and orderly lifestyle is what makes them special. In the mid-15th century, Stokholm became an important trade center, with over 6000 inhabitants. Two of the most important gistorical events connected to Stockholm are: The Battle of Brunkenberg and the Stockholm Bloodbath. During its development, Stockholm was first a pier used for exporting iron ore from the mines located behind the city, which quickly made it a trade center. The city effectively becomes a capital in 1436.
In 1520, a bloodbath occured in the city during the liberation of Sweden from Denmark, which was in power at the time. It was in Stockholm that, in 1523, the coronation of the first Swedish king, Gustav Vasa occured. In 1600, Stockholm already boasted over 10 thousand inhabitants. The plague of 1710 killed 20 thousand people, lowering the population figure by 36%. In the 19th xentury, the town fluorished again thanks to the development of industry and the railway. In 1912, Stockholm held the Summer Olympic Games.

Stockholm became a modern, technologically advanced and diverse city in hte second half of the 20th century. Many of its historical buildings were demolished during the modern era, incuding significant parts of the Klara historical district, only to be replaced by modern buildings. However, many other parts of Stockholm, such as Gamla Stan, Södermalm, Östermalm, Kungsholmen and Vasastan, with their older buildings, blocks and streets built before the age of modernism and fuctionalism that influenced Sweden so powerfully survived the demoliton age. As centuries passed, many industries changed their trade from industry to technological and service industry.
The city of Stockholm is one of the fastest growing regions in Europe, and is expected to reach a number of 2.5 inhabitants by the year 2024.

Tourist destinations in Sweden:


Stockholm is the capital of Sweden, a royal city of museums, culture and lush greenery. Also called The Queen of the North, it lays on the shore of the Baltic Sea. Stokholm is a cosmopolitan city with over two million inhabitants, located in the east of Sweden, containing 14 islands. Walking through this city will awake something completely new inside you, as everything around you will seem almost perfect! You will fall in love a t first glance with its architecture, restaurants, apalaces, museums, its historical district, its islands and people will make you feel as if you were inside a fairy tale. We would love for you to visit the city for a long time period or to at least return to it several times a year, as it is inspiring, liberating, it awakes inside you a mindset that you can do whatever you set your mind to! Stockholm is the city that makes you feel like a king or queen.

Discover Stockholm

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