History of Rome

History of Rome



Rome is a city of extremely reach history whit numerous monuments that testify about its ancient past. The eternal city was once considered the most developed city in the whole world because of the breathtaking places, colossal architectural achievements, aqueducts, fountains as well as developed politics, institutions etc. Rome and the ancient Roman Empire are considered to have laid the foundations for the creation of all of the modern western societies. Rome was also the cradle of the Catholic Church, which for centuries played a crucial role in the political life and in most unrests and conflicts on the European continent.  
Nowadays, Rome is a modern city and the capital of Italy, with the population of 3 million (4.3 Metropolitan area).  Even though Rome is a modern city, while walking down the streets of Rome, remember that in this city every stone has its own story and it is a part of history that in large part marked the human existence.
History of Rome
According to the legend, the city was founded by Romulus, the first king of Rome, around 753 BC. Afterwards, 7 kings ruled the city, when in 509BC Romans exiled the last king and declared it a Republic. Historically, this period is characterized by expansion of the republic that occupied the Italian peninsula (the conquest of Sicily, Sardinia, Spain, Macedonia, Greece, North Africa etc.), but also by political unrests and civil wars. Caesar was the first to interfere with the Republican society; he fought a civil war against the senate and won. Nevertheless, only his heir Augustus managed to establish the line of successors and the kind of monarchy (27AD). The Empire progressed for centuries, reached its peak and slowly began to decline. The 5th century saw the end of the Western Roman Empire, which for many historians marked the beginning of the Middle Ages.

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the Popes started beginning more and more powerful. Throughout the Middle Ages, there were three parties that tried to hold the power in the city: the Popes, the nobles and the people. This whole period was characterized by political unrest and fights in which these three forces tried to gain the universal power. Fights and unrests continued till the 15th century, when peace and progress began. This period marks the origins of Italian Renaissance in Rome, during which popes tried to build as much as possible in order to make Rome one of the cultural centers of the World.
Popes’ rule in Rome was interrupted in 1798 and 1848 by the formation of “short-lived” Republics. Since Rome was under French protection till 1870, the city was ruled by the Popes and was out of reach for the unified Kingdom of Italy. After French protection ceased, Italian troops were able to enter the city and conquer it, proclaiming it the capital of the Kingdom of Italy in 1871.
Did you know?
-According to the legend, Rome was founded by Romulus, the first ruler of Rome. The twins, Romulus and Remus, were the sons of Rhea and were conceived by the God of War (Mars). Rhea’s father Numitor, the ruler of Alba Longa, was overthrown by Amulius who left the twins to die next to a river. Miraculously, the river carried them to safety where they were discovered by a female wolf that fed them. Afterwards, when they discovered their true identity, they overthrew Amulius and went to found a new city, the city of Rome. This is the reason why visitor may see numerous symbols in the city that represent the figure of a female wolf.
-Rome is considered to be the birthplace of Baroque style. Since Popes were trying to make Rome a world cultural and architectural center from the 15th century onwards, they financed massive projects, therefore creating Rome one of important centers of Italian Renaissance and the birthplace of Baroque style. 
-Ancient Rome occupied the largest territory under the imperator Trajan in the 2nd century AD. The occupied territory had an area of around 6.5 million km2 including North Africa, Middle East, Most of Europe and a part of the Great Britain.
-During the reign of Augusts (who ruled from 27 BC till 14 AD), the first Imperator of Rome, the population of the city was around 1 million, making it the largest city in the world. Just for comparison, 19th century London had the same population and at that time, London was the largest city in the World. Over time, the population fell to 50,000 people. It took centuries for Rome to regain 1 million residents, which happened only in the 1930s.

Tourist destinations in Italy:


The city of canals, numerous islands and bridges, the city of gondolas, beautiful architecture, breathtaking palaces, the city of the carnival and masks, in a few words – a city with which one can fall in love easily. All of these words describe Venice as one of the most well-known tourist destinations in the world. Venice offers so much to visitors: palaces and buildings that will take you on a trip through the rich history of this unique city, numerous canals to cross on foot or by a gondola, numerous islands that still stay hidden to most tourists, as well as a large number of tourist sights and museums.

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The eternal city, a city of glorious ancient times, a city of history, the cradle of Roman Catholic Church - are just some attributes that distinguish Rome from other popular tourist destinations. Tourists will be able to take a peek at the beauty and glory of once the most important city in the world and to enjoy its more modern architectural jewels, mostly built by different Popes. Don’t just visit Coliseums and Saint Peter’s Cathedral, Rome has so much more to offer.

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Ravenna is a city of history, numerous monuments that testify of it turbulent past as well as its glory as the capital city of Empires and Kingdoms. The main attractions of Ravenna are certainly its churches and mosaics that all date back to the 5th and 6th century and the early Christian societies in Europe. The scale and beauty of colorful Byzantine mosaics, their historical significance as well as monuments that date back to the Ostrogoths’ were even recognized by UNESCO who included 8 sites in this small city on their World Heritage list. Ravenna is a city that allows its visitors to embark on a journey through history and especially through history of Byzantine, from the civilization of which, only traces have survived around the world.

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Milano is a city of fashion, a city fascinated with the illusion of beauty, a city of beautiful Gothic architecture, a city of culture, city of young people, city of fairs and architectural accomplishments. All of the previously mentioned attributes describe Milan, the business capital of Italy, that reveals its charm to its visitors just after a second glance. To modern tourists Milan offers impressive buildings, numerous museums, beautiful religious buildings, culture as the mixture of the modern trends and the tradition that goes back to the Roman Empire, splendid shopping zones and different nightlife zones that will satisfy tastes of all visitors.

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Lake Garda

This is the page dedicated to Lake Garda on which you can find a complete tourist guide and suggestions about what to visit while planning your trip to the lake. Lake Garda is one of three great lakes in the northern Italy. Its beautiful little towns on the banks of the lake draw an incredible number of tourists each year, who come for its mild climate, walks on the banks of the lake, Italian cuisine and of course to admire the heritage of this region imprisoned in numerous castles, villas and picturesque villages and towns.

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