It is thought that the history of Ljubljana starts five thousand years ago, changing epochs ranging from the Roman military, trade-based Emona, all the way to the introduction of Slavs to the area. A landmark dating back to the 12th century is the fortress city which was devastated in the 16th century, only to be rebuilt in the 19th century with a new viewpoint. Until the beginning of World War One, the city was ruled over by the Austrians, but the city also suffered a lot from numerous attacks by the Turks, the first one of which came in 1415.
The development of culture starts in the 16th century, when Ljubljana was a significant center of reform. The first books in Slovenian were published in the 16th century, and at the same time, a Latin school was opened in the city, as well as the first printing shop. Slovenian language was approved by law to be used in schools in 1813, after the rule of the French had ended in 1797. After the fall of the Austrian Empire in 1918, Ljubljana became the unofficial capital of Slovenia in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
In 1941, Ljubljana was occupied by Fascist Italian forces, and in February of 1942, the city was surrounded by 32km of barbed wire fence. Nazi Germany became its new occupying force in 1943 until Ljubljana was finally liberated in May of 1945. Given the Order of the People, Ljubljana was declared a heroic city for the effort and bravery of its people during World War Two.
Ljubljana officially became the capital of Slovenia in 1991, when Slovenia had already gained independence.
Why visit Ljubljana?
The capital of Slovenia, as well as its greenest city, Ljubljana is a city rich with history and culture. Slovenia is a country that awakes the sense of what a person needs to treat nature and his surroundings like. Order and cleanliness are this city’s main atributes! It is widely thought that the history of Ljubljana goes back five thousand years, changing epochs ranging from the Roman military, trade-based Emona, all the way to the introduction of Slavs to the area. A landmark dating back to the 12th century is the fortress city which was devastated in the 16th century, only to be rebuilt in the 19th century with a new viewpoint.