History of Maribor

History of Maribor



Maribor is the second-largest city in Slovenia, smaller only by the capital, Ljubljana. The city has a population of around 120 thousand people, which makes it a big city for Slovenian standards. Maribor sits at 300m above sea level, in the Styria region, one part of which is in Austria. Maribor is very popular among younger people, who come to the city to study at the prestigious Maribor University or at one of the city’s other educational institutions. As a merchant town, Maribor is first mentioned in the 13th century, when it was under the rule of the Habsburgs, a status it would keep until 1918.

Maribor was never conquered by the Turks. Before the start of World War One, Maribor was largely inhabited by Germans, who contributed 80% to the population numbers, the rest being filled by the Slovenes. Before World War Two, an Orthodox Christian Church was built in Maribor. During the war, the Germans exiled all Slovenes from Maribor, who made their way to Croatia and Serbia. Maribor was the only city in former Yugoslavia which Hitler personally visited. After the liberation, the city quickly developed into the largest industrial center of Yugoslavia. Numerous important buildings are situated in Maribor, including the Slovene National Theater, as well as the Slovene Opera. The buildings are predominantly built in Austrian style, which gives Maribor a unique flair.

Maribor, which is located near the Austrian border, is divided into 11 municipalities. As a border city, Maribor has always been developed and attractive for many who came to the city and stayed there. The climate is great for the cultivation vineyards, which has become a tradition in Maribor.

In 1511, two strong earthquakes hit Slovenia, Maribor and the capital, Ljubljana. Most of medieval Maribor and Ljubljana were demolished as a consequence. However, the earthquake is unexpectedly why Maribor is as beautiful as it is today. It is a city with a late-baroque style, with many of the best Italian architects designing its churches, buildings, gardens, stairways, palaces, and buildings that still stand. Many works of art decorate Maribor’s parks and notable buildings such as the City Parliament.

Napoleon’s conquests brought a certain stylistic standstill to Maribor, but a second earthquake in 1895 brought on a great excuse for the city to be renovated once again. Today, Maribor is one of the most beautiful cities in Slovenia. The main advantage of Maribor is the youthful energy that can be felt on every street of the city, which may be due to the fact that the seats of many schools, including the University of Maribor, are located in this town.

Summers in Maribor are filled with musical and theater festivals, while the streets and gardens of the old city with the willow trees towering over them provide excellent shade for the city’s many visitors and inhabitants.

Tourist destinations in Slovenia:


The capital of Slovenia, as well as its greenest city, Ljubljana is a city rich with history and culture. Slovenia is a country that awakes the sense of what a person needs to treat nature and his surroundings like. Order and cleanliness are this city’s main atributes! It is widely thought that the history of Ljubljana goes back five thousand years, changing epochs ranging from the Roman military, trade-based Emona, all the way to the introduction of Slavs to the area. A landmark dating back to the 12th century is the fortress city which was devastated in the 16th century, only to be rebuilt in the 19th century with a new viewpoint.

Discover Ljubljana


Maribor is the second-largest city in Slovenia, with a population of 114 349. This Slovenian city displays the best of old and new alike, the hospitability of the Slovenes, the architectural beauty and the raw modern reality. Maribor has a great ambient, as well as a great offer of cultural wealth for you to enjoy. You will often hear that the best wine is in Maribor, while the hospitality was like in no other place you’ve seen. Numerous tourist attractions, as well as natural wonders, will make you fall in love with Maribor.

Discover Maribor

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