History of Milan

History of Milan

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Milan:



History of Milan

Most probably ancient Milan or Mediolanum was founded around 600 BC by Celtic Insubres (Gaulish population in Lombardy). Romans captured the city in 222 BC. In 286 Diocletian moved the capital of the Western Roman Empire from Rome to Mediolanum. It was in Milan that the emperor Constantine issued the Edict of Milan in 313 AD stopping the persecution of Christians and allowing Christianity to become the dominant religion of the Empire. It was overran by Huns in 452AD, destroyed by Ostrogoths in 539AD and conquered by Lombards in 596AD.
Even Middle Ages were characterized by political uncertainty and constant battles for power. Eventually Visconti family managed to size the power and keep it for a century and a half.
Over the centuries Milan was under French, Hapsburg Spanish and Austrian rule till the 1859 when it joined the Kingdom of Italy.

Population
Milano is the second largest city in Italy with the population of some 1.3 million people. City center and surrounding communities account to some 5.2 million and therefore the urban area of Milan is the 5th largest in the European Union. Milan is the main industrial, commercial and financial center in Italy.


Did you know?

  • Between 1950-1965 the population of the city grew by 400,000.
  • After 1970 Milan saw a new rapid increase in population due to immigrants from: Morocco, Egypt, Philippines, and Ecuador and after 1990 from Albania.
  • Milano’s Duomo (Duomo Cathedral) can hold more than 20,000 people.
  • Milan was liberated before the Allies have reached the city by the Italian partisans in April 1945. During the same month the bodies of Benito Mussolini and his mistress were displayed in Piazzale Loreto.
  • In 1969 in a bank in city center a bomb exploded in a so-called Piazza Fontana massacre. The bombing was organized by neofascists with aim to provoke repressive actions against the left.
  • Milanese people, considered the city as the “moral capital” of the state, but in 1990s huge institutionalized corruption was reviled and the city got a new nickname “Tangetopoli” or “Bribesville”.
  • *Milan is among four main fashion capitals; many would say: “One did not shop until they shopped here”.
  • Milan’s cuisine is not based on pasta, spaghetti, pizza or lasagna; on contrary most of the dished are based on meet, risotto and milk products. Most famous local dishes are: Cotoletta alla Milanese, Risotto alla Milanese and Ossobuco.
  • In every bar, after 18h you will be asked: Aperitivo? Aperitivo is part of Milan’s culture and it is a synonym for a drink accompanied with well displayed buffet and a pleasant chat with friends and colleagues.

Tourist destinations in Italy:

Venice

The city of canals and alleyways, numerous islands and bridges, the city of gondolas and wondrous vistas, jaw dropping architecture, postcard - perfect palaces, the city of the carnival and the masks, in a nut shell – a city one can fall in love with quite easily. All of these words seem to describe Venice as one of the most well-known tourist destinations in the world. Venice offers loads to visitors: stunningly beautiful palaces and superb buildings that will take you on a trip through the rich history of this unique city, numerous canals to cross either on foot or by a gondola, a number of islands that still seem to stay hidden to most tourists, as well as a huge number of tourist sights and museums. As the saying goes, even the Venetians get lost in Venice.

Discover Venice

Rome

The eternal city, a city of glorious past, a city of chequered history, the cradle of Roman Catholic Church - are just some attributes that distinguish Rome from other popular tourist destinations. Tourists will be able to take a peek at the beauty and glory of once the most important city in the world and to enjoy its more modern architectural marvels, mostly built by a number of different popes in quick or slow succession. Don’t just visit Colosseum and Saint Peter’s Cathedral, Rome has so much more to offer.

Discover Rome

Ravenna

Ravenna is a city of history, numerous monuments that stand in silent testimony of its turbulent past as well as its fame and glory as the capital city of many an empire and kingdom. The main attractions of Ravenna are certainly its churches and mosaics that all date back to the 5th and 6th century and the early Christian societies in Europe. The scale and splendour of colorful Byzantine mosaics, their historical significance as well as monuments that date back to the Ostrogoths were even recognized by UNESCO who included eight sites in this small city on their World Heritage list. Ravenna is a city which lets its visitors to embark on a journey through history and especially through the history of Byzantine, from the civilization of which only but a faint remnant has survived throughout the world.

Discover Ravenna

Milan

Milano is a city of fashion, a city fascinated with the idea of beauty, a city of stunningly beautiful Gothic architecture, a city of compelling culture, a city of the young, city of fabulous fairs and architectural accomplishments. All of these attributes seem to describe Milan, which is the business capital of Italy, which oozes its charm to its visitors in a matter of seconds. To a contemporary tourist Milan offers grand, awe inspiring buildings, a multitude of museums, riveting religious buildings, its culture as a mixture of the modern trends and the tradition that goes all the way back to the Roman Empire, glitz and glamour of its shopping malls and different nightlife zones that will appeal to the tastes of all visitors.

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Lake Garda

This is the page dedicated to Lake Garda on which you can find a complete tourist guide and suggestions about what to visit while planning your trip to the lake. Lake Garda is one of three great lakes in the northern Italy. Its lovely little towns on the shores of the lake draw an incredible number of tourists each year, who flock there for its mild and mellow climate, strolls on the lake shores, traditional Italian cuisine and of course to stand in awe before the heritage of this region laid bare for us to gaze at in a host of castles, wondrous villas and picturesque villages and dainty little towns.

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