History of Milan
Most probably ancient Milan or Mediolanum was founded around 600 BC by Celtic Insubres (Gaulish population in Lombardy). Romans captured the city in 222 BC. In 286 Diocletian moved the capital of the Western Roman Empire from Rome to Mediolanum. It was in Milan that the emperor Constantine issued the Edict of Milan in 313 AD stopping the persecution of Christians and allowing Christianity to become the dominant religion of the Empire. It was overran by Huns in 452AD, destroyed by Ostrogoths in 539AD and conquered by Lombards in 596AD.
Even Middle Ages were characterized by political uncertainty and constant battles for power. Eventually Visconti family managed to size the power and keep it for a century and a half.
Over the centuries Milan was under French, Hapsburg Spanish and Austrian rule till the 1859 when it joined the Kingdom of Italy.
Milano is the second largest city in Italy with the population of some 1.3 million people. City center and surrounding communities account to some 5.2 million and therefore the urban area of Milan is the 5th largest in the European Union. Milan is the main industrial, commercial and financial center in Italy.
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