Pisa is a charming city located in central Italy, in Tuscan region. Pisa is situated on the bank of the river Arno and the total population currently living in Pisa, is about 90,000. It is important to say that Pisa was once an independent Republic of Pisa with one of the most powerful fleets in Europe.
The origin of Pisa seems to be blurred. There are different theories about the origins of this city, one being linked to Ligurian region and the other to that of ancient Greece. What is certain is that Pisa at first was an Etruscan colony, than a Roman colony, later part of the Longboard Kingdom and at the end part of the unified Italian Kingdom. Pisa’s economic, cultural and artistic growth was mostly expanded in the Middle Ages. In the 11th century already, Pisa became an important fleet power and took major part in trading in the Mediterranean Sea. With its mighty fleet Pisa brought home numerous victories against the ships of the Ottoman Empire. Pisa's influence, at the time, spread to the Northern Africa as well.
Because of its attitudes and political orientation Pisa often entered into conflicts with the Papacy. Even a great scandal involving Pisa occurred when false information was announced that Pisa captured the high priests on their way to Rome and handed them over to Federico I. It is believed that this scandal was deliberately launched in order to damage the Republic of Pisa.
The gradual decline of Pisa began with a defeat against Genoa in a fleet war that occurred in 1284 near Livorno. This battle has been recorded in history as a great battle of Melonie. There is a large monument called the Malonian Tower, constructed as a stark reminder of this great battle and its victims. Over 10,000 men from Pisa were captured in this battle and taken to Genoa prisons. This was a great loss for Pisa and the economy of the city.
Soon afterwards there was a brief economic recovery of Pisa, but the new decline was caused when Emperor Ariga VII (1301-1313) stepped down from the throne. Soon the loss of Sardinia followed, which had a huge financial negative impact on Pisa. After a brief reign over Lucca (a beautiful Tuscan city), Pisa was conquered by Florence (1406). A period of great crisis came and it lasted till influential family Medici started to rule in Florence.
In the sixteenth century Pisa tried to return to the world scene by founding a university and institutions of the order of the knights of St Stephen, who were supposed to be part of the battle against the Turks. In 1848, the university battalion volunteers won a great victory against Austria in the Curtatone city of Italy. Shortly afterwards, Pisa succeeded in obtaining the Kingdom of Sardinia under its wing, which was a base for the creation of the Kingdom of Italy proclaimed in 1861.
Regrettably, Pisa was severely damaged in the bombardment during the Second World War. The reconstruction, however, was rapid and soon after the war was finished, its former glory was restored.
The city of canals and alleyways, numerous islands and bridges, the city of gondolas and wondrous vistas, jaw dropping architecture, postcard - perfect palaces, the city of the carnival and the masks, in a nut shell – a city one can fall in love with quite easily. All of these words seem to describe Venice as one of the most well-known tourist destinations in the world. Venice offers loads to visitors: stunningly beautiful palaces and superb buildings that will take you on a trip through the rich history of this unique city, numerous canals to cross either on foot or by a gondola, a number of islands that still seem to stay hidden to most tourists, as well as a huge number of tourist sights and museums. As the saying goes, even the Venetians get lost in Venice.
The eternal city, a city of glorious past, a city of chequered history, the cradle of Roman Catholic Church - are just some attributes that distinguish Rome from other popular tourist destinations. Tourists will be able to take a peek at the beauty and glory of once the most important city in the world and to enjoy its more modern architectural marvels, mostly built by a number of different popes in quick or slow succession. Don’t just visit Colosseum and Saint Peter’s Cathedral, Rome has so much more to offer.
Ravenna is a city of history, numerous monuments that stand in silent testimony of its turbulent past as well as its fame and glory as the capital city of many an empire and kingdom. The main attractions of Ravenna are certainly its churches and mosaics that all date back to the 5th and 6th century and the early Christian societies in Europe. The scale and splendour of colorful Byzantine mosaics, their historical significance as well as monuments that date back to the Ostrogoths were even recognized by UNESCO who included eight sites in this small city on their World Heritage list. Ravenna is a city which lets its visitors to embark on a journey through history and especially through the history of Byzantine, from the civilization of which only but a faint remnant has survived throughout the world.
Milano is a city of fashion, a city fascinated with the idea of beauty, a city of stunningly beautiful Gothic architecture, a city of compelling culture, a city of the young, city of fabulous fairs and architectural accomplishments. All of these attributes seem to describe Milan, which is the business capital of Italy, which oozes its charm to its visitors in a matter of seconds. To a contemporary tourist Milan offers grand, awe inspiring buildings, a multitude of museums, riveting religious buildings, its culture as a mixture of the modern trends and the tradition that goes all the way back to the Roman Empire, glitz and glamour of its shopping malls and different nightlife zones that will appeal to the tastes of all visitors.
This is the page dedicated to Lake Garda on which you can find a complete tourist guide and suggestions about what to visit while planning your trip to the lake. Lake Garda is one of three great lakes in the northern Italy. Its lovely little towns on the shores of the lake draw an incredible number of tourists each year, who flock there for its mild and mellow climate, strolls on the lake shores, traditional Italian cuisine and of course to stand in awe before the heritage of this region laid bare for us to gaze at in a host of castles, wondrous villas and picturesque villages and dainty little towns.
The city of Pisa rises above the docks of Arno river. Pisa is one of the most important cities in Tuscany and it is well known in the world thanks to the city’s famous symbol, the Leaning Tower of Pisa. We could say that Pisa is both, an ancient city, proud of it’s middle ages past, when Pisa was one of the leading naval force in Europe, and a modern city, full of positive energy that comes from its numerous students, as Pisa has three of the most important universities in Italy. Even if most famous monument in Pisa is the leaning Tower, it is not the only one in this city. Bell Tower of San Nicola Church and the church of San Michele of Scalzi are the other two leaning towers in Pisa.
With its gardens with a riot of colour, wonderful villas and splendid panoramic views Lake Como has become one of the most visited tourist places in Italy. The compellingly beautiful Lake Como seems to have enchanted artists and travelers for centuries: from famous Giuseppe Verdi and Vicenzo Bellini who apparently wrote his opera “Norma” here, to Gioacchino Rossini and a French writer Flaubert.
Lake Maggiore represents the most beautiful jewel of Piemonte region in Italy. Located between mountains and valleys, Lago Maggiore is the second largest lake in Italy (after Lago di Garda), covering the surface of 212km². Almost 80% of the lake’s surface is located on Italian territory, between regions Piemonte and Lombardy, while the remaining 20% belongs to Switzerland. Here, you will have a chance to enjoy such artistic landscapes that everyone should see at least once in a lifetime. Between the emerald green vegetation and the shining blue sky stand numerous castles, sumptuous palaces and prestigious Italian gardens. These monuments testify about the link between the two noble families, which, for years, marked the history of the lake: families Visconti and Borromeo.
The city of Palermo was founded in the 7th century BC by the Phoenicians. They named the city Zyz, after a flower, dedicated to the beauty of this area surrounded by mountains and four rivers: Kemania, Oreto, Pannaria and Papireto. Later on, the Greeks tried several times to conquer the city, but all their attempts were thwarted. Finally, only the Romans succeeded to occupy Palermo, during the First Punic War in the 3rd century BC.