History of Trebinje

History of Trebinje



Although, according to official historical data, Trebinje, ie Tribunija, is mentioned for the first time in the 10th century in the writings of Constantine Porphyrogenitus, the area of Trebinje is considered to have been inhabited in the Neolithic, as evidenced by tombs found in the present village of Mosko. A total of about 200 tombs and mounds dating from the Neolithic period were found as well as objects found in the tombs.

There is evidence to support the fact that St. Paul visited Trebinje in the first century. According to the sources, he stayed in a cave, in today's Jivar, where the monastery of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul was built in the 6th century. After St. Paul, St. Peter visited Trebinje as well as the Apostle Luke. There are also serious indications that the Roman emperor Licinius (308-324) was born in the vicinity of Trebinje, in Popovo polje.

At the end of the 10th century, Trebinje found itself on a significant road that led from Kotor and Dalmatia to Bosnia, Serbia and northern Montenegro. Trebinje was part of the Eastern Roman Empire and until the 14th century,it was part of the state of Travunija  which was an integral part of the state of the Nemanjić dynasty. After independent rule in the 15th century, Trebinje fell under the rule of the mightyy Ottoman Empire. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire, the Austro-Hungarians came to power and remained here until the end of the First World War and the final fall of Austro-Hungarian Empire. Since 1918, Trebinje has had its own self-government again and was slowly moving towards establishing a normal life.

For a while, Trebinje was also ruled by Jelena Anžujska, who brought oleander herbs to the city.

Today, Trebinje is a beautiful small town located in the very south of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Geographically, it is located in Eastern Herzegovina and belongs to the Republic of Srpska. Trebinje is the city of the great poet Jovan Dučić. He made an effort to make Trebinje the cultural center of Herzegovina during his lifetime, where numerous cultural manifestations and festivals are still held today.

All visitors will enjoy Trebinje. Although not too big, this city offers a handful of natural resources that you will want to explore and the Adriatic coast is only 20 kilometers away. There are numerous monasteries in Trebinje that attract the attention of visitors, and we certainly advise you to try amazing products that are made only in this area, such as sage honey, dried figs, Herzegovinian tobacco, grape brandy and quality wines.

Tourist destinations in Bosnia and Herzegovina:


Sarajevo or Sheher, as it used to be called is located in the heart of the Balkan, so it is an ideal starting point for those who want to visit this region. Due to the strategic and geografical position of the city, Sarajevo was occupied by many rulers: the Ottomans, the Austro-Hungarian empire and the Germans during the World War II. Sarajevo is popularly called the European Jerusalem. Today, in its new-old attire, it welcomes every well-meaning traveler and is a real treat for both the eyes and the soul of all who wish to visit Sarajevo.

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Mostar is a beautiful city on the river Neretva. It is one of the most beautiful cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina, located 80 km southwest of the capital Sarajevo. It has 105,797 inhabitants. The largest city in Herzegovina, with a total area of 1,175 km2, was named after the guardians of bridges. Mostar can be described as a junction of northern, western and eastern Herzegovina. Mostar was once an important center of textile industry, tobacco and mining (bauxite). Mostar stretches in three valleys: in the north (Bijelo Polje), in the center Mostarska kotlina (where the city itself is located) and in the south Bišće Polje. Velež and Prenj are mountains located near Mostar and Bunica, Jasenica, Buna and Neretva (whose beauties we will get to know in detail), are the rivers that flow through Mostar. The Old Bridge is the most important sight of Mostar known for the jumps that have been organized here every year.

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The name “Jajce“ is first mentioned in 1396 in the title of Hrvoje Vukčić Hrvatinića, who called himself “Conte de Jajce“ (Count of Jajce). There are numerous legends about the origin of the town’s name. Some say that it was sitauted on an egg-shaped stone, which gave the town its name (Jajce literally translates as “little egg“). There is another traditional legend that say that the masons who constructed the city used eggs to make the mortar in the walls stronger. Every legend has its own charm, and it is our right to chose the one we ourselves think is the most true. The most popular origin story among the natives of the town is that Hrvoje Vukčić Hrvatinić ordered the town to be based on the Naples Castello del Uovo (literally translates as “Egg Castle“).

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Some would call this town Tjentište, but many more would call the area The Valley of Heroes. The heroism of the area’s inhabitants has been talked of by many, and so, an old saying goes: Where a man falls, a hero arises. Tjentište is a historican and archeological locality in Bosnia and Herzegovina located in the east, not far from the city of Foča. It is a valley-like area on the Sutjeska river that measures around three kilometers in length and about a kilometer in width. The valley is situated around 540 meters above sea level. It is located between the Prosječnica and Ćurevska Chines and is part of the Sutjeska National Park. Tjentište isn’t rich in historical sources that tell of its genesis, but is nevertheless rich in historical content, as well as in the many natural wonders that surround it or that are located not too far away.

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Trebinje is a city of 35,000 inhabitants located in the very south of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The city is located in the valley of the river Trebisnjica, on the border between Bosnia, Montenegro and Croatia. Trebinje has a rich cultural and historical heritage, which is why the development of tourism in this area was inevitable. The temperate climate and extremely mild winters due to the proximity to the Adriatic coast also contribute to this. Special attention should be dedicated to the Old Town, the park of the famous poet Jovan Dučić as well as the sixteen hundred-year-old plane trees that adorn the main square.

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