History of Tivat

History of Tivat

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Tivat:



Tivat is the youngest town on the Montenegrian coast. It is located in the Bay of Boka Kotorska, only 10 kilometers from the city of Kotor. Tivat is home to a famous training ship "Jadran", which in the most beautiful way decorates Tivat waterfront.
There are various legends about how Tivat got the name. Some say that Tivat was named after the Illyrian Queen Teuta, who ruled from the neighboring town Risan, but had her summer residence in Tivat. The second assumption is that Tivat is named after a Christian saint Theodorus. What is perhaps the most realistic story is that the name Tivat comes from the Celtic word "teoto", which means „the city“.

Along the history, Tivat was under the rule of the Illyrians, under the Roman-Byzantine rule, Venetian rule, Ottoman Empire rule and Austrian rule. What best attests to these glorious and less glorious times of the city are written sources, archaeological sites and monuments, but where there is no written information, the legends begin, making this city more interesting and mysterious.

The Illyrian rule ended in Boka in 168, when Tivat fell under the rule of the Romans, thus bringing prosper to this city. At this time, when Kotor became an important center in the Serbian state of Nemanjici (14th century), Tivat also contributed to the developement of the new empire. The city offcially embraced the Orthodox religion. Serbian Archbishop Saint Sava established a Serbian church, and in the Prevlaka peninsula near Tivat, he built a monastery and dedicated it to Archangel Michael. The monastery is still located on Prevlaka near Tivat and represents one of the numerous attractions of this city.

Various reigns marked the development of Tivat - the rule of the Turks, the Venetians, and even the Austrians (100 years of rule), until 1918 when Tivat became a part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
At the end of the 19th century, Tivat started to develop into a modern Mediterranean city. Numerous noble families owned their palaces in Tivat. The Drago family, the Buća family and the Lukovići family were one of the most iimportant noble families in Tivat. These wealthy landlords made a great contribution to Tivat's progress through their investment and emancipation. Where there are noble families, there is also a beautiful culture, a beautiful life and nourished education.

Only 1.5 km away from Tivat, there is Prevlaka island (formerly a real island, today connected to the mainland), which is linked to the countess Ekatarina Vlastelinovic, who built the Church of the Holy Trinity on the island and where, as a widow, she spent her days. Ekatarina was a daughter of Jovan Sundecic, a famous poet from Zadar, who was a personal secretary of King Nikola (the king of Montenegro). Ekatarina married a nobleman from Risan, Ilija Vlastelinovic, and thus gained a great fortune. She invested in numerous monuments and churches.Before she died in 1842, she bequeathed all her wealth to the royal Petrovic family. She maintained friendly relations with Petar II-Petrovic-Njegos (a ruler of Montenegro).

Today Tivat is a city of musicians, singers and many talented people, the city of culture where many cultural events take place during the summer.
Today, Tivat is one of the most modern cities on the coast.
 

Tourist destinations in Montenegro:

Perast

Perast is home to some of the most beautiful palaces along the Adriatic coast. This is the city of steep stone streets, flower giards, the city of churchs, the city of closed jalouisies, tncredible islands of St. George and Our Lady of the Rocks, the city of legends, seafaring and glorious captains. Least, but not last, Perast is home of the famous Peras Cake. This old baroque city has attracted many writers, poets, actors and painters with his charm. Intoxicated, they become in love with this little miracle located on the Adriatic shore.

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Risan

Risan is the oldest settlement in Boka Kotorska. It is located at the northern point of the bay. Risan is an ideal place for holidays for young people, but also for families with children, because this village is never crowded even during the summer season. The most important tourist attractions in Risan are Roman mosaics from the third century BC, Monastery Banja, the church of St. George and the church of St. Peter and Paul. On the hill Gradina above Risan, there are the remains of the old Illyrian castle.

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Boka Kotorska

Boka Kotorska or simply Boka (in Italian Bocce di Cattaro) is the largest bay of the Adriatic Sea. It consists of four bays: The Bay of Herceg Novi, Tivat Bay, Risan Bay and Kotor Bay. The length of Bokakotorska Bay is 116 kilometers. The maximum depth of the bay is 60 meters. Boka Kotorska is the only fjord in the Mediterranean, surrounded by high mountains Orjen and Lovcen. There are countless small fishing villages and 3 major cities in the bay: Herceg Novi, Tivat and Kotor, as well as 7 islands: Mamula, Our Lady of Mercy, Vedvedje, Saint George, Our Lady of the Rocks and the Island of Flowers. There are also two peninsulas here: Luštica and Vrmac.

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Kotor

Kotor is a medieval old town known as Montenegrin Venice. Kotor is one of the best preserved old towns and is located in one of the 25 most beautiful bays in the world. The town is 13 centuries old, but on the site of present-day Kotor, people settled much earlier. Surrounded by grandiose walls, intertwined with old cobbled streets where tourists gladly "get lost", it is a favorite port for big cruisers and tourists from all over the world. Kotor is listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

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Tivat

Tivat is the youngest town on the Montenegrian coast. It is located in the Bay of Boka Kotorska, only 10 kilometers from the city of Kotor. Tivat is home to a famous training ship "Jadran", which in the most beautiful way decorates Tivat waterfront. There are various legends about how Tivat got the name. Some say that Tivat was named after the Illyrian Queen Teuta, who ruled from the neighboring town Risan, but had her summer residence in Tivat. The second assumption is that Tivat is named after a Christian saint Theodorus. What is perhaps the most realistic story is that the name Tivat comes from the Celtic word "teoto", which means „the city“.

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Herceg Novi

Herceg Novi is a city made of rocks, a city of the sea, walls and towers, a city of sun and flower gardens. Herceg Novi is located at the entrance to Boka Kotorska, 51 km from Dubrovnik and 43 km from Kotor. One of the sunniest cities in the Adriatic coast, this city welcomes guests who "sail" into the Bay of Boka Kotorska. Surrounded by the high mountain of Orjen, decorated with greenery and mimosas, palm trees and the open sea. Herceg Novi is home to the tall palm trees that sailors brought from their long voyages; this is home of magnolia, eucalyptus and agave.

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Budva

One of the most famous and expensive places in Montenegro is certainly Budva. Budva is called the Queen of the Mediterranean, Montenegrin Monte Carlo and the capital of Montenegrin tourism - what this city really is. This city is adorned with the old city walls, which was ruled by the Venetians, modern discos and clubs, casinos, the best nightlife in Montenegro, luxury hotels and villas. The Budva Riviera is 25 kilometers long and along the coast there are some of the most beautiful Montenegrin sandy beaches.

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Bar

Bar is a port city. It is located 60 km from Kotor, and only 30 km from the city of Ulcinj. Bar is known for a large number of olive trees, olive oil, Turkish coffee, the old fortress above the city, the only railway line in Montenegro close to the sea, the port of Bar, the ferry Bar-Bari etc. Bar is known as the city of rich cultural heritage, a city of different nationalities, cultures and traditions. The bar overlooks the open sea and is adorned with beautiful beaches, coves and clear blue sea water.

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